Yeast infection, thrush, is a common condition that affects millions of women during their lifetime. It causes irritation and discomfort in the vagina.
Thrush can be caused by many factors. The vagina is warm and moist, making it a great environment for fungi to grow. Some women are more susceptible to this infection than others. Pregnant women are more at risk because their body’s pH balance is disrupted. Women on hormone replacement therapy (HRT) or taking anti-diabetes medications may also be at risk.
Vaginal thrush is a yeast infection that occurs when a certain type of yeast called Candida albicans overgrows. The yeast grows in warm, damp conditions. Thrush is often confused with other conditions such as bacterial vaginosis.
Over the counter creams and tablets can be used to treat thrush. These treatments should clear up the symptoms in a few days. They may be a little expensive, but they are the easiest and most convenient way to treat the infection.
Oral medication is also used to treat vaginal thrush. These medications are often prescribed by a doctor. Fluconazole is a commonly prescribed medication. However, pregnant women and those with weakened immune systems should not use these medicines.
In addition to these medications, women with thrush may choose to use probiotics to help relieve the symptoms. They can also apply an anti-fungal cream to the vulva.
A swab test may also be used to diagnose vaginal thrush. This test will be used to check whether there is a certain amount of Candida present in the vagina. If the test is negative, a woman may still be suffering from thrush.
Signs and Symptoms of Thrush
The first step to treating thrush is getting a proper diagnosis. If a woman is experiencing any of the signs and symptoms listed above, she should go see a doctor.
Thrush is a very contagious condition that can be passed from mother to child or among family members. In order to prevent the spread of the infection, it is important to keep breasts and clothing clean. A woman should also follow good hygiene practices and take antibiotics if necessary.
Thrush in the breast milk can cause pain for the baby and the mother. Her milk supply may be decreased, which will make breastfeeding difficult.
The baby may also become fussy, cry, and experience breast pain. Fortunately, treatment is available and will bring relief within 48 hours. Antifungal creams and drops can be applied to the baby’s mouth to combat the fungus. Continuing the treatment for at least one or two weeks after the symptoms are gone will help prevent the recurrence of the infection.
A white coating on the tongue may indicate oral thrush. However, other conditions can also mimic these symptoms. A non-infectious rash called lichen planus may look like a white sore on the tongue but isn’t as painful. It may appear on other parts of the body, including limbs and nails. Another type of sores is called hairy leukoplakia and is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus. It usually affects people with weak immune systems.
What Causes Thrush?
Thrush can be caused by a number of factors. Antibiotics, for example, can increase the risk of thrush because they kill the good bacteria in your mouth. Other causes include a poor diet, poor liver function, and food intolerances. Stress can also trigger thrush.
It can also be transmitted through sexual contact. However, it is not considered a sexually transmitted infection (STI). It typically affects women, but can also affect people with weakened immune systems.
People naturally have millions of yeast and fungi in their bodies, and while they are mostly harmless, a small percentage can cause infection. Thrush occurs when conditions allow the growth of this yeast to become out of control, which is very common among people who have a weakened immune system or are taking certain medications.
To diagnose thrush, a healthcare provider will perform a physical exam, request a medical history, ask about symptoms, and review past health information. They will also look inside your mouth and throat to see if you have lesions. Sometimes, a simple blood test will be performed to confirm the diagnosis.
If oral thrush is severe, a healthcare provider may prescribe an oral fungus-fighting medication. This medication will kill the yeast, as well as maintain the mouth’s pH balance. In addition, it is important to regularly brush and floss your mouth. Also, make sure you replace your toothbrush regularly.
Treatment For Thrush
Treatment for Thrush involves using an antifungal medicine to kill the fungus responsible for the condition. These medications are available at a pharmacy.
The pharmacist can also recommend the right treatment for your specific case. It is important to know that antifungal medicine should be used only twice a year, and a course of treatment should not exceed 14 days.
Your healthcare provider will assess your health history and examine your mouth and throat. He or she may perform a simple test to determine the exact cause of the problem.
For example, a healthcare provider may use a tongue depressor to scrape the affected area, which may confirm the presence of thrush. If the condition is chronic, the healthcare provider may prescribe medication to relieve the pain.
Thrush is a very contagious disease, so it is important to follow good hygiene practices. It can spread from mother to child and among family members. To avoid passing on the disease, clean your bras, breast pads, sheets, and other personal items regularly. Your doctor may prescribe an oral antifungal medication to treat your thrush.
Antibiotics can also increase the risk of thrush. While these drugs can kill the bacteria that live in your mouth, they don’t kill the Candida fungus. Therefore, people on antibiotics have a higher risk of developing thrush.
What to Do If You Have Thrush?
Treatment is simple and can be done at home. First, apply the thrush medicine to the affected area. You should make sure you do not put the medicine in the throat. If you swallow the medicine, it will not work. Second, clean your mouth well using a clean cloth.
Oral thrush is usually mild and can go away with treatment. The condition typically takes anywhere from three to eight weeks to clear up. People with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to developing thrush. Certain drugs and illnesses can also weaken your immune system and make the condition worse.
Homemade remedies for thrush include using a paste made from lemon juice or turmeric. Both of these methods contain antifungal and antiseptic properties. However, lemon juice can cause irritation in the mouth. You should also avoid using clove oil as it can cause an allergic reaction.
Thrush is caused by an overgrowth of fungus in the mouth. Treatment options for oral thrush include an antifungal medicine, either oral or topical.
A topical medicine can be applied several times a day. Oral medication can be taken once daily. The duration of therapy will depend on how severe your infection is and whether you have other health issues. For instance, some people may need a more intensive form of treatment, such as an IV.
Steve Page is a recognised expert on Sexually Transmitted Diseases (STDs) and STD treatments, having published numerous articles in peer-reviewed journals and presented his research at conferences around the world. He has an in-depth understanding of the latest medical research on STDs, and is an advocate for the development of new treatments and protocols to improve the health of those affected. In addition to his research, he has dedicated his career to understanding the causes and symptoms of STDs, as well as how to best treat those impacted.